Windmill Down - chalk downland

Male and female Chalk Hill Blues (Polyommatus coridon) on a thistlehead, SWindmill Down, South Foreland, St Margarets Bay, Kent.
Male and female Chalk Hill Blues (Polyommatus coridon) on a Carline thistle (Carlina acaulis) head, SWindmill Down, South Foreland, St Margarets Bay, Kent.

I walk across Windmill Down on the South Foreland at St Margaret's Bay most days. It's only two or three acres but has a fantastic range of plants.And at this time of year butterflies.


I've always meant to do a bit of a study of its flora as it is classic coastal chalk downland.


This morning I started by taking some photos of the  different plants butteerflies and insects that I could spot.


As with all my floristic identifications caution is required. I'm still working on some of them.


It seemed fitting to celebrate the diversity and richness of life on such an inauspicious day. I include a photo with the Dover Patrol Memorial obelisk that remembers the lives lost patrolling the Dover Strait against U-boat attack in the IWW. A similar memorial stands on the French side of the Strait/Pas de Calais at Cap Blanc Nez.

Windmill Down, South Foreland Species






Male and female Chalk Hill Blue (Polyommatus coridon)


Common Blue Polyommatus icarus


Wall butterfly (Lasiommata megera)


Silver-studded Blue (Plebejus argus)


Gatekeeper (Pyronia tithonus)


Marbled White (Melanargia galathea)


Small White (Pieris rapae) female






Carline Thistle (Carlina acaulis)


Queen Anne's Lace - wild carrot Daucus carota


Teasel (Dipsacus fullonum)


Harebell (Campanula rotundifolia)


Vipers Bugloss (Echium vulgare)


Field Scabious (Knautia arvensis)


Chalk Milkwort (Polygala calcarea)


Sea kale (Crambe maritima)


Common Rock Rose (Helianthemum nummularium)


Yellow Rattle - Rhinanthus minor


Agrimony - Agrimonia eupatoria


Common eyebright (Euphrasia nemorosa)


Salad Burnett (Sanguisorba minor)


Seaside centaury (Centaurium littorale)


Greater Knapweed (Centaurea scabiosa)


Lesser Knapweed Centaurea nigra


Hemp agrimony (Eupatorium cannabinum)


Cirsium acaule - Dwarf Thistle or Stemless


Welted thistle - Caardus crispus


Red clover - trifolium pratense


Wild privet (ligustrum vulgare)


Bramble (Rubus fruticosus)


Mignonette - Reseda lutea Mignonette - Reseda lutea Yarrow (Achillea milefollium)


Old man's beard or Travellers Joy (Clematis vitalba)

Rough Hawkbit (Leontodon hispidus)

Rough Hawk's Beard (Crespis biennis)


Common Ragwort - senecio jabaea


Lady's bedstraw (Galium verum)


Bird's foot trefoil (Lotus corniculatus)


Common toadflax (Linaria vulgaris)


Yellow-wort (Blackstonia perfoliata)


Fen Bedstraw (Gallium uliginosum)






Wayfaring Tree


Holm Oak










Maritime Pine

Briar Rose


Horizontal Cotoneaster

Meadow Thistle

4 Grasses


Ground lichen

Tree lichen


52 to here


a few undientified





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